This is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to the development of heart failure.
What Is “Normal” Blood Pressure?
A blood pressure reading has a top number (systolic) and bottom number (diastolic). The ranges are:
Normal: Less than 120 over 80 (120/80)
Prehypertension: 120-139 over 80-89
Stage 1: 140-159 over 90-99
Stage 2 : 160 and above over 100 and above
High blood pressure in people over age 60: 150 and above over 90 and above.
People whose blood pressure is above the normal range should consult their doctor about steps to take to lower it.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The exact causes are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Lack of physical activity
- Too much salt in the diet
- Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
- Older age
- Chronic kidney disease
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
- Sleep apnea
At Teheca we do take care of all kind of patients include those that my be having high blood pressure, our team is well equipped and trained to handle your loved ones. So don’t hesitate to contact us and don’t wait till its too late.